There is nothing like the freedom a child feels when they first learn how to ride a bike. The world suddenly expands and they can travel faster than they’ve been able to in the past. While it may be tempting to toss them a helmet and send them on their way, there’s more to know about kids’ bike safety than simply wearing a helmet.

Kids Bike Safety Basics

Benefits of riding bikes for kids

  1. Physical Health: Bike riding is a great way for kids to get regular exercise and develop cardiovascular health. It also strengthens muscles, improves coordination, and promotes balance.
  2. Mental Health: Bike riding has been shown to reduce stress, improve mood, and boost self-confidence and self-esteem in kids. It can also help reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety.
  3. Socialization: Biking with friends or family can provide opportunities for socialization and developing positive relationships.
  4. Independence: Biking allows kids to explore their surroundings and develop a sense of independence. It can also help build self-reliance and decision-making skills.
  5. Fun and Enjoyment: Biking is fun! There’s nothing like racing down a hill at top speed. Kids love the sense of adventure and excitement that comes with riding bikes.

Overall, bike riding is a great activity for kids that offers a range of benefits for their physical, mental, and social well-being. Encouraging kids to bike regularly can help them develop healthy habits and a love of physical activity that can last a lifetime.

Preparing to ride

There are a few things you can do to make sure your kid gets off to a great start when it comes it riding a bike. A lot of this has to do with picking the right equipment and taking the time to teach kids bike safety.

Father and daughter at a bike store. Choosing the right sized bike is a large part of bike safety for kids.

Selecting the best Bike

Choosing the right size bike for your child is important for their comfort, safety, and overall enjoyment. Here are some steps to help you choose the right size bike for your child:

  1. Measure Your Child: Measure your child’s height and inseam. This will give you an idea of the appropriate bike size for them.
  2. Check the Bike’s Size: Check the bike’s size chart to determine the appropriate bike size for your child based on their height and inseam measurements.
  3. Consider the Bike’s Standover Height: Standover height is the distance from the ground to the top tube of the bike frame when the bike is standing upright. Make sure your child can stand over the bike frame with both feet flat on the ground.
  4. Check the Reach: Check the reach, or the distance between the saddle and the handlebars. Your child should be able to comfortably reach the handlebars without having to overstretch.
  5. Adjust the Seat Height: Adjust the seat height so that your child can sit on the saddle with their feet flat on the ground when the bike is standing upright. When riding, their knees should be slightly bent at the bottom of the pedal stroke.
  6. Test Ride the Bike: Have your child test-ride the bike to ensure that it is the right size and comfortable for them to ride. Make sure they can easily reach the brakes and shifters.

Remember that every child is different and may have unique preferences and needs when it comes to choosing a bike size. It’s always best to try out different sizes and styles before making a final decision. Also, keep in mind that your child will need to move up to a larger size bike as they grow, so it’s a good idea to regularly check their bike fit and adjust as needed.

Choosing the best safety gear

Having the right safety gear can literally mean the difference between life and death. While older kids won’t require elbow and knee pads, they are for sure something you can consider with a younger child, or a kid who is new to bike riding a bike. A huge part of kids bake safety is having equipment that fits correctly.

Bike helmets on shelves at a store.


Choosing the right size helmet is crucial to ensure your child’s safety while biking. Here are the steps to follow to choose the right size helmet for your child:

  1. Measure Your Child’s Head: Measure your child’s head circumference with a soft tape measure. Measure around the widest part of their head, just above the eyebrows.
  2. Pick the Right Size: Use the measurement you took to determine the right helmet size for your child. Children’s helmets are typically labeled with a range of head circumference measurements. Select the size that corresponds to your child’s head measurement.
  3. Try on the Helmet: Have your child try on the helmet to make sure it fits properly. The helmet should fit snugly and comfortably on your child’s head, without any gaps or spaces between the helmet and their head. The helmet should sit level on your child’s head and should not tilt forward or backward.
  4. Adjust the Straps: Adjust the helmet’s chin strap so that it is snug but not too tight. The strap should fit comfortably under your child’s chin and should form a V-shape around their ears.
  5. Check for Fit: With the helmet on, have your child shake their head from side to side and up and down. The helmet should not move or shift around on their head.

Remember that a helmet should be replaced if it has been involved in a crash or if it is more than a few years old. It’s also a good idea to have your child try on different helmets from different brands to find the one that fits them the best.

Bike safety equipment for kids

  1. Elbow and Knee Pads: Elbow and knee pads provide extra protection for your child’s joints in the event of a fall. Look for pads that fit securely but aren’t too tight, and make sure they cover the entire joint.
  2. Closed-Toe Shoes: Encourage your child to wear closed-toe shoes with a firm sole to help protect their feet while biking.
  3. Bright Clothing: Dress your child in bright, visible clothing so that they can be easily seen by drivers and other cyclists. Avoid loose clothing that could get caught in the bike’s wheels or chain.
  4. Reflectors and Lights: Add reflectors to your child’s bike so that it can be seen by drivers and other cyclists in low-light conditions. You can also add lights to the bike, especially if your child will be riding in the early morning or evening.
  5. Bike Gloves: Bike gloves can provide additional protection for your child’s hands and improve their grip on the handlebars.

By ensuring that your child has the proper safety gear, you can help reduce the risk of injury while they’re biking. Make sure that your child understands the importance of wearing their safety gear and encourage them to wear it every time they ride.

Easy Tips for Teaching Your Child to Ride A Bike

  1. Find a Safe Area: Look for a flat, open area with plenty of space for your child to practice. A grassy area can be a good option, as it can provide some cushioning in case of a fall.
  2. Teach Balancing: Have your child sit on the bike seat with their feet on the ground. Encourage them to lift their feet off the ground and balance for a few seconds. Repeat this several times until your child feels comfortable balancing on the bike.
  3. Add Pedals: Once your child feels comfortable balancing on the bike, it’s time to try using pedals. Start by having your child practice pedaling while you hold onto the back of the bike. Gradually let go and allow your child to pedal on their own.
  4. Practice, Practice, Practice: Encourage your child to practice riding the bike as often as possible. The more they practice, the more confident they will become.

The training wheels debate

The use of training wheels when teaching a child to ride a bike has been a topic of debate among parents and experts in recent years. Here are some pros and cons for you to consider.

Arguments for using training wheels:

  • Training wheels can provide a sense of security and stability for children who are learning to ride. They can help build confidence and make it easier for children to learn how to pedal and steer.
  • Training wheels can be especially useful for children who are afraid of falling or have balance issues.
  • For parents, training wheels can offer peace of mind and make it easier to supervise their child while they learn to ride.

Arguments against using training wheels:

  • Training wheels can actually hinder a child’s ability to learn how to balance on a bike. They keep the bike from tipping over, which means the child doesn’t learn how to shift their weight and control their balance.
  • When a child is ready to transition to a two-wheel bike without training wheels, they may struggle to learn how to balance because they’ve relied on the stability of the training wheels for too long.
  • Some experts argue that balance bikes, which are bikes without pedals that allow children to learn how to balance before learning how to pedal, are a better alternative to training wheels.

Ultimately, the decision of whether or not to use training wheels is up to the individual parent and child. Some children may benefit from the extra stability that training wheels provide, while others may be better off learning on a balance bike. It’s important to remember that every child learns at their own pace and in their own way and that the most important thing is to find what works for your child!

What to do when your child is having a hard time learning how to ride a bike:

Learning how to ride a bike can be a challenging and frustrating experience for some children. If your child is having a hard time learning how to ride a bike, here are some things you can do to help:

  1. Don’t give up: Learning how to ride a bike can take time, and it’s important to be patient with your child. Avoid pressuring them or getting frustrated if they’re struggling. Encourage them to keep trying and praise them for their efforts.
  2. Break it Down: Sometimes, learning a new skill can be overwhelming for a child. Try breaking down the steps of learning how to ride a bike into smaller, more manageable tasks. For example, start by having your child focus on balancing without pedaling, or practice stopping and starting.
  3. Adjust the Bike: Make sure your child’s bike is adjusted to the right size and height for them. This can make it easier to control the bike and balance properly.
  4. Try a Different Environment: If your child is having a hard time learning how to ride a bike in one environment, such as a park or on the street, try a different environment, such as a flat and empty parking lot or a grassy area.
  5. Have someone new coach them: Sometimes a fresh set of eyes can help troubleshoot biking challenges. If the child has worked with dad for a while, having a sibling or another parent assist can be beneficial.

Bike safety rules to teach your children

Once your child can successfully ride a bike, it’s essential that you go over the safety rules with them. It’s helpful to talk first, and then ride with them to make sure that they understand what to do.

Here are some ideas of what to talk about

  1. Always wear a helmet: Make sure your child knows that wearing a helmet is not an option, it’s something they need to do every time they ride.
  2. Use hand signals: Teach your child to use hand signals to indicate when they’re turning or stopping. This helps communicate their intentions to other road users.
  3. Obey traffic laws: Teach your child to follow traffic laws such as stopping at stop signs and traffic lights, and using crosswalks when available. It’s also important to teach your child to ride on the right side of the road and to go with the flow of traffic.
  4. Stay visible: Encourage your child to wear brightly colored or reflective clothing to increase their visibility, especially when riding in low-light conditions.
  5. Avoid distractions: Teach your child to focus on the road and avoid distractions such as using their phone or wearing headphones while riding.
  6. Ride with a buddy: Encourage your child to ride with a friend or sibling to increase their visibility and make it easier for them to be seen by other road users.
  7. Stay alert: Teach your child to be aware of their surroundings and to watch for potential hazards such as potholes, gravel, or other obstacles.
  8. Look before turning: Teach your child to look both ways before turning or crossing a road, and to yield to pedestrians and other vehicles.
  9. Be predictable: Teach your child to ride in a straight line and avoid sudden movements or swerving. This makes it easier for other road users to predict their movements.
  10. Follow age-appropriate guidelines: Make sure your child follows age-appropriate guidelines for bike riding. For example, young children may need adult supervision or should only ride in a designated area.
  11. Watch carefully for cars backing out of driveways:Too many bike accidents involve drivers not seeing bikes when backing up. Instruct your child to wait whenever they see a car backing out.

Sidewalk vs road biking for kids

The decision of whether kids should ride on the sidewalk or the road depends on a variety of factors, including the age and experience of the child, and the local laws and regulations. Here are some general guidelines:

Age and experience: Younger children who are still learning to ride a bike should always ride on the sidewalk, as they may not have the skills or judgment to ride safely on the road. As your kids get older and gain more experience, they may be ready to ride on the road.

Local laws and regulations: In some areas, it may be illegal for cyclists to ride on the sidewalk. It’s important to check your local laws and regulations to see what is allowed.

Safety of the surrounding area: If the roads in your area are busy and dangerous, it may be safer for kids to ride on the sidewalk. However, if the sidewalks are crowded with pedestrians or have other hazards, it may be safer to ride on the road.

According to the National Highway Traffic Administration, “Children less than 10 years old, are not mature enough to make the decisions necessary to safely ride in the street and are better off riding on the sidewalk.”

Ultimately, the decision of whether kids should ride on the sidewalk or the road should be based on careful consideration of all the factors involved.

Final Thoughts

Riding a bike is a wonderful part of childhood. Taking the time to make sure your child has the proper equipment and education will help keep your child safe as they head out on their adventures. Happy riding!

Looking for more information to keep your kids safe? Check out my articles about firework safety and the dangers of hot cars.

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